A closer look at Lost's philosophers
Many Lost fans are familiar with the show's frequent use of philosophers' names. USA Today has a very helpful rundown of all the philosophers used so far, as well as a character-based analysis of each one. A lot of the information might be review for devoted fans, but the article includes an "expert comment" section with some unique interpretations of the characters.
John Locke: The fictional John Locke describes himself as a man of faith. The real Locke was more of a man of science. USA Today's expert mentions that Locke the philosopher believed that "action is based on experiences," and that the show's flashbacks demonstrate that view.
Danielle Rousseau: Just like philosopher Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Danielle Rousseau suffers from paranoia. The real Rousseau is known to have had a "falling-out" with philosopher David Hume (see below).
Ms. Hawking: Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time has been shown in several Lost episodes. Ms. Hawking (Fionnula Flanagan) helped Desmond understand his ability to predict and manipulate the future.
Anthony Cooper: English philosopher Anthony Cooper had a strong personal relationship with philosopher John Locke.
Desmond Hume: Lost's Desmond frantically tries to change Charlie's deadly future. Philosopher David Hume wrote about the concepts of free will and determinism.
The article also mentions Edmund Burke (Juliet's ex-husband) and Mikhail Bakunin (recently seen in "Par Avion.")